1312 BCE Moses led the Exodus of the Israelites out of Egypt and across the Red Sea, after which they based themselves at Mount Sinai, where Moses received the Ten Commandments.
1000 BCE David conquers Jerusalem, taking the Ark of the Covenant into the city, and establishing the kingdom founded by Saul.
The First Temple was destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BCE, when Jerusalem was conquered and part of the population of the Kingdom of Judah was taken into exile to Babylon. (First Temple was built in 957 BCE by King Solomon).
Construction of the Second Temple was authorized by Cyrus the Great and began in 538 BCE
It was destroyed by the Romans in 70 CE during the Siege of Jerusalem.
During all the years since the destruction of the Second Temple, there has been a slow return of Jews to the Land, while longing for Jerusalem.
The First Aliyah is a term used to describe a major wave of Zionist immigration to what is now Israel (Aliyah) between 1882 and 1903.
The First Aliyah laid the cornerstone for Jewish settlement in Israel
Herzl convened the first World Zionist Congress (1897) in Basel, Switzerland. Where the World Zionist Organization was established to establish a “national home for the Jewish people in the Land of Israel”
The Israeli Declaration of Independence was proclaimed on 14 May 1948 by David Ben-Gurion, The event is celebrated annually in Israel with a national holiday Yom Ha’atzmaut on 5 Iyar of every year according to the Hebrew calendar.
1967 The Six-Day War- The Union of Jerusalem.